Fort & Palaces Tour In India

About Forts In India :

Forts are important architectural relics of the long history of India. The capital of each raja or chieftain was a fort around which a township grew and developed; this pattern can be seen in many Indian cities such as Delhi, Agra, Lahore, Pune, Kolkata and Mumbai. Two forts in India are UNESCO world heritage sites the Agra fort and the Red fort. The oldest surviving fort in India is the Qila Mubarak at Bathinda which had it origins in 100 AD during the Kushan empire.

Medieval Delhi developed around Chandni Chowk, the township adjoining the Red Fort while and Kolkata came about around Fort William built by the British. Many small towns ranging from Jhansi to Chandragiri grew around forts. Some towns even acquired the names from the forts. Durg is fort in Hindi. Satara was so named because of the seventeen walls of the fort. Then there are famous monuments in certain cities and towns that overshadow the importance of the forts. Agra Fort pales into comparative insignificance against the glory of the Taj Mahal. Khajuraho temples overshadow Rajgarh Fort.

The flag of independent India was first unfurled from the ramparts of the Red Fort by none other than Jawahar Lal Nehru, first Prime Minister of India on the morning of 15 August 1947. This practice of unfurling of flag followed by a speech by the Prime Minister continues each year on Independence Day. Just after World War II, the Red Fort had been the scene of the famous trial of the Indian National Army.

Forts in ancient India :

Three major methods were used for the construction of ancient Indian forts. The first consisted of earthen ramparts. Often they were constructed of the sand which was dug out of the ditch surrounding the fort. The second of rubble with earth on the outside which was more sturdy. The third type of construction was with stone and masonry work. The last was the strongest. Often materials from demolished forts were reused in the building of new forts.

By 4 BCE, fortified cities were common in India. The largest ones were between the city of Mathura (on the Yamuna river) and Magadha (on the Ganges). Another series of forts in the south, was on the Ujjain(on the Narmada)leading into the Deccan. These are inferred by the remains of fort walls and bastions seen on excavation at Rajagriha and at several sites in the Gangetic plain notably Kaushambi. At the latter site huge walls of burnt brick, which look like they have been battered. There does not seem to be any formal planning of these forts.

By 4 BCE, fortified cities were common in India. The largest ones were between the city of Mathura (on the Yamuna river) and Magadha (on the Ganges). Another series of forts in the south, was on the Ujjain(on the Narmada)leading into the Deccan. These are inferred by the remains of fort walls and bastions seen on excavation at Rajagriha and at several sites in the Gangetic plain notably Kaushambi. At the latter site huge walls of burnt brick, which look like they have been battered. There does not seem to be any formal planning of these forts.

Palaces In India :

The Indian state of Rajasthan is famous for historic havelis, forts and palaces. Some of these are: Alsisar Haveli, Jaipur. Lalgarh Palace is a palace in Bikaner in the Indian state of Rajasthan, accomplished in 1926 Lord Curzon was the palace's first notable guest.

The Indian state of Rajasthan is famous for historic havelis, forts and palaces.
Some of these are:


  • Alsisar Haveli, Jaipur. Former residence of a thakur (landed noble), today a hotel.

  • Amber Palace (Amber Fort). Former royal residence, Jaipur.

  • Bansi Garh, Chittorgarh. Current residence of the Shaktawat rawats of Bansi.

  • Bhanwar Niwas, Bikaner. Historic haveli, now a hotel.

  • Castle Mandawa, Mandawa (Jhunjhuni district in Shekhavati). Former residence of the thakurs (landed noble) of Mandawa, today a hotel.

  • Bhinder Garh, Chittorgarh. Current residence of the Shaktawat rawats of Bhinder.

  • City Palace, Jaipur. Seat of the Maharaja of Jaipur. Now a museum.

  • City Palace, Udaipur. Seat of the Maharana of Udaipur. Now a museum.

  • Deogarh Mahal, Deogarh Madaria. Former residence of the rawat (landed noble) of Deogarh, today a hotel.

  • Devigarh, Delwara, now a heritage hotel.

  • Fateh Prakash Palace, Udaipur. Part of the city palace complex, now a hotel.

  • Fort Delwara. Former royal residence located 30 km north east of Udaipur. Now the Devi Garh Fort Palace hotel.

  • Junagarh Fort and Palace, Bikaner. Seat of the Maharana of Bikaner. Now a museum.

  • Gajner Palace, outskirts of Bikaner. Former hunting lodge of the Maharaja of Bikaner.

  • Golbagh Palace, Bharatpur. Former royal residence, today a hotel.

  • Gorbandh Palace. Jaisalmer.

  • Hawa Mahal (Palace of Winds), Jaipur. Former royal residence. Now a museum.

  • Khimsar Fort, Khimsar (Nagour District). Located 145 kilometres from Udaipur. Former residence of the thakurs (landed noble) of Khimsar, today a hotel.

  • Kuchaman Fort, Kuchaman (Nagour District). Former royal residence, now a hotel.

  • Jag Mandir Udaipur. Former royal pleasure palace.(Shah Jahan took refuge here while crown prince during a conflict with his father Jahangir).

  • Jag Niwas (Lake Palace), Udaipur. Former royal pleasure palace, now a hotel.

  • Jai Mahal, Jaipur. Former royal residence, today a hotel.

  • Jal Mahal, Jaipur.

  • Jaisalmer Fort, Jaisalmer. Seat of the Maharaja of Jaisalmer.

  • Lalgarh Palace, Bikaner. Former royal residence. A part have been converted into a hotel, while the remainder is a museum.

  • Laxmangarh Fort, Sikar. Former royal residence, today a tourist spot.

  • Laxmi Niwas Palace, Bikaner. Former royal residence, today a hotel.

  • Laxmi Vilas Palace, Bharatpur. Former royal residence, today a hotel.

  • Narain Niwas Palace, Jaipur. Former residence of the thakurs (landed noble) of Kanota, today a hotel.

  • Nathmalji Ki Ki Haveli, Jaisalmer. Former residence of a prime minister of Jaisalmer.

  • Neemrana Fort-Palace. Located 40 miles northwest of Alwar. Former residence of the rajah of Neemrana, today a hotel.

  • Patwon Ki Haveli, Jaisalmer. Historic merchant's haveli.

  • Phool Mahal Palace, Kishangarh.

  • Piramal Haveli, Bagar (Jhunjhuni district in Shekhavati). Historic 1930s merchant's haveli, now a hotel.

  • Raj Mahal Palace, Jaipur. Former royal residence, today a hotel.

  • Raj Niwas Palace, Dholpur. Former royal residence of the Maharajas of Dholpur, today a hotel.

  • Rambagh Palace, Jaipur.- Former royal residence, today a hotel.

  • Seengh Sagar, Deogarh Madaria. Former hunting lodge of the rawat (landed noble) of Deogarh, today a hotel.

  • Sariska Palace, SariskaAlwar. Former royal hunting lodge, today a hotel.

  • Samode Haveli, Jaipur. Former residence of a prime minister of Jaipur, today a hotel.